Lucca - Italy

Lucca is a town in the Tuscany region of central Italy. It is encircled by a 16th-century wall and contains several Romanesque buildings including the cathedral of San Martino, begun in 1063. Settled by Ligurians, and then a Roman town, it flourished in the 12th century. From 1369 until Napoleon's occupation Lucca remained a republic and in 1847 it was joined to the grand duchy of Tuscany. It then became part of the kingdom of Sardinia in 1860. The composers Boccherini and Puccini were both born in Lucca.