Lampi National Park - Myanmar (Burma)

Lampi Island is an island of Mergui Archipelago in southern Myanmar also known as Kyunn Tann Shey. It was officially designated as a Marine National Park in 1996 and coral reefs, mouse deer and the Salone (Moken) ethnic culture are the key protection issues. The island is about 30 miles (48 km) long and has a maximum width of some 6 km. In the north there is a large bay in which Kubo Island is situated. Other islands, which are all considerably smaller than Lampi, include Wa-Ale Kyun and Kanzagyi to the northwest, Pulau Nala to the south and the Gregory group to the southeast. Lampi is generally hilly and rises steeply from sea level to l50-270m, exceeding 350m in places. Much of the coast is rocky, although there are a number of white sandy beaches, bays and inlets. The abundant wildlife includes Lesser Mouse Deer, Small-clawed Otter, Crab-eating Macaque, elephants, monkeys, tigers and wild pigs. There is a small fishing village on Pulau Nala island but during the monsoon season, groups of Salone marine nomads move in from the outer islands of the Mergui Archipelago and establish temporary camps on Lampi. They support themselves by fishing, hunting, and collecting eagle-wood, mother-of-pearl, turbo shells, turtle eggs and sea cucumber.