Lima - Peru
Lima, capital of Peru is located on the Rímac River between the Pacific Ocean and Andes, in the arid coastal region yet spends eight monhs a year shrouded in fog. The illustrious 'City of Kings' founded by the conquistadors over 450 years ago was once almost a second Royal Court of Spain. Today, though very much a busy modern city it guards a priceless treasure-chest of Spanish colonial art and architecture. Landmarks include the large Plaza de Armas lined with arcades of shops and the Palacio de Gobierno, the nearby cathedral reconstructed in 175, several 16th and 17th century churches that survived a damaging earthquake in 1746 and the Acho Bullring originally dating from1764. Also of interest are museums of art, history, archaeology, and philately. Travel deeper into the country to visit the Incas ancient capital at Cuzco and the spectacular ruins of Machu Picchu, high in the Andean foothills. Lima was founded in 1535 by Spanish conquistadores (including Pizarro) and was originally named Ciudad de los Reyes (City of the Kings). Lima replaced Cuzco as Spain's vice-regal capital of colonial Peru, and it quickly became Spain's largest and wealthiest settlement in the New World. Lima became the capital of Peru when the country became independent in 1826, and was looted and occupied from 1881 to 1883 by Chilean forces during the War of the Pacific. The following 12 cruises call at Lima. Discover more by clicking the cruise name or ship or click the Enquire button if you want to check availability and pricing.